1864: Henry H. Otto to Parents

This letter was written by 22 year-old Henry H. Otto (1842-1910) to his parents, Henry Otto (1798-1872) and Margaret Hainley (1815-1891) of Woodbury, Bedford county, Pennsylvania. Henry and his older brother, Jacob W. Otto (1836-1865), served together in Co. C, 205th Pennsylvania Infantry. Both brothers were wounded in the final weeks of the American Civil War — Henry at…

1863: John F. Anno to Laura Ann (Bartram) Anno

These two letters were written by John F. Anno (1830-1864) to his wife Laura Ann (Bartram) Anno (1840-1911). John served served in Co. A, 85th Illinois Infantry. He served in all the campaigns in which the regiment participated, but was wounded at the Battle of Peach Tree creek, Georgia, on 19 July 1864, in the right arm,…

1863: Levi Springer Anno to Laura Ann (Bartram) Anno

This letter was written by Levi Springer Anno (1838-1909), the son of Thomas Anno (1798-1875) and Sarah Bunn (1804-1875). Levi served in Co. A, 85th Illinois Infantry. He enlisted on 18 July 1862 as a private and was later promoted to corporal. The 85th Illinois was organized at Peoria on August 27, 1862 and was…

1861: Joseph William Anno to John F. Anno

This letter was written by Joseph William Anno (1839-1912), the son of Thomas Anno (1798-1875) and Sarah Bunn (1804-1870). Joseph enlisted on 12 August 1861 in Co. E, 27th Illinois Infantry. He was later transferred into Co. E, 9th Illinois Infantry. Joseph wrote the letter to his older brother, John F. Anno (1830-1864) who was…

1863: Hiram Daniels to Helen E. Daniels

These letters were written by Hiram Daniels (1818-1863) of Co. B, 17th Wisconsin Infantry. [The 2nd letter is unsigned but the provenance of the letter was known.] Hiram enlisted from the town of Eagle, Waukesha county, Wisconsin. Hiram was killed in action on 4 June 1863 before Vicksburg. Hiram wrote the second letter — just a week…

1864: Morgan E. Darby to Almira (Durham) Darby

This letter was written by Morgan E. Darby (1817-18xx) who enlisted at age 43 on 31 December 1863 at Seneca, New York, to serve three years in the 16th New York Heavy Artillery. Morgan wrote the letter to his wife, Almira [Elmira Durham] Darby (b. 1816), and his sons, George M. Darby (b. 1850) and John E. Darby…

1865: Elias W. Sanders to Almira (Durham) Darby

This letter was written by Elias W. Sanders (1829-1881) who enlisted at age 34 on 31 December 1863 at Seneca, New York, to serve three years in the 16th Heavy Artillery. He was transferred some time later to Co. F, First New York Mounted Rifles. In July 1865, he was transferred to Company A. In…

1864: William McAdams to Harriet (Blood) McAdams

These two letters were written by William McAdams (1836-1922) of Co. H, 59th Illinois Infantry. William was the son of Richard McAdams (1808-1894) and Elizabeth Godfrey (1817-1854) of Zanesville, Muskingum county, Ohio. In 1858, William married Harriet Blood (1838-1905) in Edgar county, Illinois. William was a 25 year-old farmer in Kansas, Edgar county, Illinois, when he entered the…

1863: Union Soldier to Wife

This letter was written in March 1863 by a Union Cavalryman from Aquia Landing. Unfortunately, there is no envelope and no signature to identify the trooper. He conveys to his wife that he is considerably troubled by the disloyalty of some of the citizens back home in the North. TRANSCRIPTION Aquia Landing, Va. March 11th 1863 Ever…